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Theological Virtues

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  1. Which are the Theological Virtues?

The Theological Virtues are ‘Faith, Hope, and Charity’. (1 Cor. 13:13)

  1. Why are they called Theological Virtues?

They are called Theological Virtues because they relate immediately to God.

  1. What are the chief mysteries of Faith which every Christian is bound to know?

The chief mysteries of Faith which every Christian is bound to know are the Unity and Trinity of God, who will render to every man according to his works and the Incarnation, Death and Resurrection of our Saviour.

  1. Which are the Cardinal Virtues?

The Cardinal Virtues are ‘Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance’. (Wisd. 8:7)

  1. Why are they called Cardinal Virtues?

They are called Cardinal Virtues because they are. as it were, the hinges on which all other moral virtues turn.

  1. Which are the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit?

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are: 1. Wisdom
2. Understanding
3. Counsel
4. Fortitude
5. Knowledge
6. Piety
7. The fear of the Lord. (Is. 11:2.3)

  1. Which are the twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit?

The twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit are:
1. Charity
2. Joy
3. Peace
4. Patience
5. Benignity
6. Goodness
7. Longanimity
8. Mildness
9. Faith
10. Modesty
11. Continency
12. Chastity. (Gal. 5:22)

  1. Which are the two great precepts of Charity? The two great precepts of Charity are:
  2. ‘You must love the Lord your God with all your
    heart, with all your soul, with all your mind and with all
    your strength’.
    2. You must love your neighbour as yourself. (Mark 12:30,31)
  3. Which are the seven Corporal Works of Mercy?

The seven Corporal Works of Mercy are:
1. To feed the hungry.
2. To give drink to the thirsty.
3. To clothe the naked.
4. To harbour the harbourless.
5. To visit the sick.
6. To visit the imprisoned.
7. To bury the dead. (Matt. 25; Tobias 12)

  1. Which are the Seven Spiritual Works of Mercy?

The seven Spiritual Works of Mercy are:
1. To convert the sinner.
2. To instruct the ignorant.
3. To counsel the doubtful.
4. To comfort the sorrowful.
5. To bear wrongs patiently.
6. To forgive injustice,
7. To pray for the living and the dead.

  1. Which are the eight Beatitudes?

The eight Beatitudes are:
1. How happy are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2. Happy the gentle; for they shall have the earth for their heritage.
3. Happy those who mourn: they shall he comforted.
4. Happy those who hunger and thirst for what is right: they shall be satisfied.
5. Happy the merciful, they shall have mercy shown thern.
6. Happy the pure in heart, they shall see God.
7. Happy the peacemakers: they shall be called sons of God.
8. Happy those who are persecuted in the cause of right: theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (Matt. 5:3-10)

  1. Which are the seven capital sins or vices and their contrary virtues?

The seven capital sins or vices and their contrary virtues are:
1. Pride.
2. Covetousness.
3. Lust.
4. Anger.
5. Gluttony.
6. Envy.
7. Sloth.

Their contrary virtues are:

  1. Humility.
    2. Liberality.
    3. Chastity.
    4. Meekness.
    5. Temperance.
    6. Brotherly Love.
    7. Diligence.
  2. Why are they called capital sins?

They are called capital sins because they are the
sources from which all other sins take their rise.

  1. Which are the six sins against the Holy Spirit?

The six sins against the Holy Spirit are:
1. Presumption.
2. Despair.
3. Resisting the known truth.
4. Envy of another’s spiritual good.
5. Obstinacy in sin.
6. Final impenitence.

  1. Which are the four sins crying to heaven for vengeance?

The four sins crying to heaven for vengeance are:
1. Wilful murder (Gen. 4)
2. The sin of Sodom (Gen. 18)
3. Oppression of the poor (Exod. 2)
4. Defrauding labourers of their wages (James 5)

  1. When are we answerable for the sins of others?

We are answerable for the sins ofothers whenever we either cause or share in them, through our own fault.

  1. In how many ways may we either cause or share the guilt of another’s sin?

We may either cause or share the guilt of another’s sin in nine ways:
1. By counsel.
2. By command.
3. By consent.
4. By provocation.
5. By praise or flattery.
6. By concealment.
7. By being a partner in the sin.
8. By silence.
9. By defending the ill done.

  1. Which are the three eminent Good Works?

The three eminent Good Works are Prayer. Fasting, and Alms deeds.

  1. Which are the Evangelical Counsels?

The Evangelical Counsels are voluntary Poverty, perpetual Chastity and entire Obedience.

  1. Which are the four last things to be always remembered?

The four last things to be always remembered are: Death, Judgment, Hell, and Heaven.

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