YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY
Chastity: The successful integration of sexuality within a person; involves “self-mastery” (Catechism 2337).
The chaste person maintains control over the powers of life and love placed in him. Man gains dignity when, ridding himself of all slavery to the passions, he freely chooses what is good (Catechism 2338-2339).
Self-mastery is a long and exacting work. One can never consider it acquired once and for all. It requires a renewed effort at all stages in life (Catechism 2342).
The alternative is clear: either man governs his passions and finds peace, or he lets himself be dominated by them and becomes unhappy (Catechism 2339).
There are three forms of chastity: for married people, for widows, and for unmarried people (Catechism 2349).
Offences against Chastity
- Lust is the disordered desire for sexual pleasure.
- Masturbation is deliberately stimulating oneself for sexual pleasure.
- Fornication is sex between an unmarried man and an unmarried woman.
- Pornography is the display of sexual acts to third parties.
- Prostitution reduces a person to an instrument of sexual pleasure.
- Rape deeply wounds a person’s respect, freedom, and physical and moral integrity. (Catechism 2351-56)
Offences against Marriage
- Adultery is when two partners of whom at least one is married to another person have sexual relations.
- “When a man divorces his wife to marry someone else, he commits adultery against her. And if a wife divorces her husband and remarries, she too commits adultery” (Mark 10:11; Matthew 19:9, 5:32).
- Polygamy involves being married to more than one person.
- Free union involves the rejection of marriage or reluctance to make long-term commitments Catechism (2380-90).
The regulation of births represents one of the aspects of responsible fatherhood and motherhood, but there are acceptable and unacceptable means of doing this (Catechism 2399).
Homosexuals often do not choose their homosexual condition; for most of them it is a trial. They must be accepted with respect, compassion, and love. Every sign of unjust discrimination against them should be avoided (Catechism 2358).
Homosexual persons are called to chastity just like everyone else. Sex between two unmarried people (fornication), whether of the same gender or not, is an offence against chastity (Catechism 2357-59).
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